Noun gender in German

Author: Jadranka Bokan

These suffixes can help you recognize noun gender in German:

MASCULINE-IG (Käfig, König); -LING (Lehrling, Säugling); -OR (Humor, Motor); -ISMUS (Sozialismus, Kapitalismus); -ANT (Praktikant, Demostrant); -ENT (Student); -IST (Pianist); -EUR (Ingenieur); -ET (Prophet); -LOGE (Psychologe); -ER (Lehrer). Exception: das Zimmer.

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+week days, day parts, months and seasons are also masculine: der Montag/Dienstag/Mittwoch/Donnerstag/Freitag/Samstag/ Sonntag (but: das Wochenende); Der Morgen /Vormittag / Mittag/Nachmittag/Abend (but: die Nacht); der Frühling/Sommer/Herbst/Winter

FEMININE: – UNG (Zeitung); -HEIT (Freiheit); -KEIT (Kleinigkeit); -SCHAFT (Freundschaft); -EI (Polizei); -TÄT (Nationalität, Universität); -ION (Nation, Situation); -IK (Grammatik); -UR (Natur); -IE (Batterie); -THEK (Diskothek); -ANZ (Substanz), -T (Fahrt), -IN (Lehrerin); not always: -E (Reise). Exceptions: der Junge, das Cafe.

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NEUTER– CHEN (Mädchen, Tischchen); -LEIN (Tischlein); -UM (Museum, Publikum); -MA (Thema); -MENT (Parlament); -O (Konto). not always: -NIS (Ergebnis), exception example: die Kenntnis; not always: -TUM (Eigentum), exception example: *der Reichtum

+nouns which are generated from infinitive by writing the first letter in upper case are also neuter: for example: das Lesen, das Essen, das Versprechen

+nouns that are generated from adjectives too: for example: das Gute, das Schöne.

Tips and tricks: HOW to memorize the noun gender better

Sources: Deutsche Welle; Grammatik sehen, Arbeitsbuch für Deutsch als Fremdsprache, Hueber; my ideas and ideas of people who were so kind to share there experiences.

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