Dilemma resolved: -s or -es in genitive singular?

Author: Jadranka Bokan

You probably already know that in German language masculine and neuter nouns get the suffix -s in Genitive Singular.

And you have most probably notices that sometimes it can be -es instead of -s.

“How can we know when to put -es and when just -s?” you might ask yourself. 

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Well, there are some scenarios when the nouns get the suffix -es:

  • nouns that end in -s, -ß, -x, -tsch, -tz, -z, -zt (e.g. das Glas – des Glases, der Fuß – des Fußes)
  • many monosyllabic nouns (e.g. das Kind – des Kindes, das Volk – des Volkes)
  • nouns that end in -nis and -us (e.g. das Ereignis – des Ereignisses, der Bonus – des Bonusses)

!! Please note that nouns that end in -us and -os do not get any suffix in Genitive Singular (e.g. das Epos – des Epos).

If you have some other dilemmas related to the German language,  check here, maybe you’ll find the answer.

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